Resonance assignments of the cytoplasmic domain of ECF sigma factor W pathway protein YsdB from Bacillus subtilis.

Y. Li, G. Li, Z. Wang, W. Chen, H. Wang, Y. Wang, B. Liu
Biomolecular NMR assignments. 2021 : PubMed: 33398628

Abstract: Bacterial sigma (σ) factor, along with RNA polymerase core enzyme, initiates gene transcription from specific promoter regions and therefore regulates clusters of genes in response to a particular situation. The extracytoplasmic function (ECF) σ factors are a class of alternative σ factors that are often associated with environmental signal transduction across the bacterial membrane, in which external signal triggers the release of active σ from the membrane-anchored anti-σ factor. Gram-positive model organism Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) has seven ECF σ factors: σM, σV, σX, σW, σY, σZ and σYlaC. Although all these ECF σ factors were found to be involved in B. subtilis antibiotic resistance, σW is among the most studied and considered to play a pivotal role in responding to antimicrobial stresses. σW is under tight control and remains deactivated until exposure to external stimuli, after which proteases PrsW and RasP cleave the specific anti-sigma factor-RsiW to release and activate σW. Membrane anchored protein YsdB is a negative regulator of this activation, possibly via its direct interaction with PrsW and/or RsiW. Importantly, YsdB is well conserved among Bacilli, including pathogenic bacteria like Bacillus cereus. In this study, we describe the chemical shift assignments of the cytoplasmic domain of YsdB (29-130) of B. subtilis in solution as a basis for further interaction studies and structure determination. The near-complete assignment and the solution structure that will follow could provide a further understanding in σW regulation.

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